Category Archives: Politics in Moldova

Să facem Moldovenii mândri de țara lor!

Cum ne dorim noi sa arate Moldova peste cinci ani? O țară cu o politică externă consecventă, care a recăpătat încrederea partenerilor externi, care se mișcă cu pași rapizi spre marea familie europeană. O țară care vorbește cu o singură voce, dar care reprezintă majoritatea largă a cetățenilor. O țară care își cunoaște și își promovează ferm interesul național  – o Moldovă a unității!

Astăzi, din păcate, un domeniu de importanță strategică, cum e politica externă și de securitate a Republicii Moldova, a devenit un instrument de dezbinare a societății. „Dezbină și stăpânește” este logica mioapă a celor de la putere, pentru ca noi să nu le cerem socoteală pentru salarii și pensii sub limita sărăciei, pentru hoții și abuzuri necontenite, pentru irosirea încrederii partenerilor externi și pentru nimicirea oricărei speranțe în sufletul oamenilor, forțându-i sa ia calea pribegiei.

 Cetățenii noștri nu de asta au nevoie. Cetățenii doresc un trai mai bun într-o țară care își respectă vecinii și partenerii strategici, o țară care e în stare să le apere drepturile și să le reprezinte interesele în afară. PAS oferă o astfel de oportunitate prin asumarea unei politici externe chibzuite, în care interesele cetățenilor să fie puse în capul mesei.

În lipsa oricărei legitimități în fața propriilor cetățeni și în goana disperată pentru a atrage atenția internațională, guvernarea PD-PSRM lansează atacuri politice furibunde în adresa actorilor geopolitici regionali, fie că e vorba de Romania sau Rusia. // Tandemul de la guvernare a împarțit rolurile, atacând cinic ba Bucureștiul, ba Moscova, sub paravanul unui patriotism de fațadă.

E timpul să schimbăm această stare de lucruri. E timpul ca țara noastră să aibă o politică externă care întrunește aspirațiile acestui popor. E timpul ca Moldova să aibă o singură voce în afară, cea a cetățenilor săi.

Stimați colegi, împreună putem dezvolta o politică externă bazată pe coeziune civică și conștientizarea faptului că suntem parte a unui efort național comun. Acest efort are menirea să contribuie decisiv la creșterea nivelului de trai, fortificarea capacităților de apărare și ancorarea Moldovei în spațiul valorilor democratice. În pofida scepticismului unora, doar integrarea în marea familie europeană poate asigura Moldovei bunăstare, pace și siguranță în ziua de mâine.

Deși cu toții ne dorim căi mai ușoare, nu trebuie să ne lăsăm ademeniți de piste iluzorii, oricât de bine intenționate ar părea. În această lume globalizată și hiper-competitivă Moldova nu poate pluti în derivă, căci va cădea pradă ușoară intemperiilor economice sau geopolitice regionale și globale. Marea familie Euro-Altantică este un refugiu sigur pentru un stat mic, dar care trebuie să aibă aspirații mari.

Suntem și vom ramâne promotorii autentici și credibili ai integrării Europene și a parteneriatului strategic cu România – principalul nostru aliat în procesul de integrare Europeană. Contăm pe relația de colaborare și bună vecinătate cu Ucraina. Dorim să dezvoltăm un parteneriat privilegiat cu Statele Unite ale Americii – unul dintre cei mai mari parteneri de dezvoltare ai Republicii Moldova. În contextul soluționării diferendului transnistrean și valorificării oportunităților comerciale, Federația Rusă rămâne un stat de interes prioritar pentru Moldova, dar care trebuie să se conformeze ireversibilității procesului de integrare Europeană a țării noastre.

De aceea ne pronunțăm pentru valorificarea la maximum a potențialului oferit prin Acordul de Asociere cu Uniunea Europeană, Zona de Liber Schimb Complex şi Cuprinzător și regimul liberalizat de vize. Condamnăm derapajele anti-democratice ale guvernării care prejudiciază procesul de apropiere a Moldovei de Uniunea Europeană.  Mizăm pe aprofundarea cooperării în cadrul platformelor regionale precum Parteneriarul Estic, GUAM și Parteneriatul pentru Pace al Organizației Tratatului Atlanticului de Nord.

Pînă la finele acestui an intenționăm să aderăm la cel mai mare și mai influent partid din Europa – Partidul Popular European. Aceasta este dovada adeziunii noastre față de valorile europene și recunoașterea  deteminării noastre de a aduce Moldova în marea familie Europeană. Acest demers ne va permite să valorificăm mult mai bine potențialul enorm de susținere oferit de partenerii noștri din toate colțurile Europei.

Dragi prieteni, PAS va asigura o politică externă echilibrată și profesionistă bazată pe ireversibilitatea vectorului European. Prin muncă asiduă atât pe plan extern, cât și aici, acasă, putem demonstra că politica, dar și diplomația, pot fi făcute în mod onest, corect și în interesul cetățenilor. Parafrazându-l pe marele Nicolae Titulescu – Politica externă a unei ţări se face prin apărarea fermă şi demnă a interesului  naţional, dar nu prin declarații și iscălituri sterile care pot să vrăjească azi, dar să ne orbească mâine.

Vă îndemn să punem împreună umărul, astfel încât prin acțiune fermă și solidaritate sinceră să facem Moldovenii mîndri de țara lor!

 

Note: This is a speech I gave at the Action and Solidarity Party Congress on September 10, 2017, in Chisinau, Moldova. The video is available on my Facebook page.

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Changing the rules of the game in Moldova

It’s favourite move of dictators and autocrats everywhere: change the rules of the game once you start losing support or approach the legally mandated finish line. The post-Soviet space abounds in cases where heads of state overstay their terms in office. Until recently, Moldova stood out as a model of democratic transformation among the Commonwealth of Independent States. However, my country’s glory was short-lived.

Despite high expectations about Moldova’s initial successes on its path towards European integration, embodied by the signing of the association agreements and a visa-free regime with the European Union, powerful actors have begun to hollow out the country’s democracy. Media freedom is being curtailed through a concentration of ownership and, as a result, political pluralism is withering away. The most recent innovation, a dubious call for electoral reform, is just latest sign of a democracy in deep decline.

The problem with Mr. P

Moldovans still overwhelmingly despise the country’s most powerful man and oligarch-in-chief Vlad Plahotniuc, who also leads the ruling Democratic Party. Not even an alleged assassination plot in December 2016 could sway the public’s contempt. Yet Plahotniuc is relentless in his self-rebranding effort, desperate to turn himself from crooked oligarch into a respectable politician — one worthy of being the standard-bearer of European values at pinnacle of state power.

The figure behind this new electoral form is Vlad Plahotniuc. The country’s most powerful man and oligarch-in-chief, he is despised by the overwhelming majority of Moldovans

After eliminating his arch rival ex-Prime Minister Vlad Filat by having him imprisoned on corruption charges in a textbook display of selective justice, Plahotniuc emerged as the most powerful man in Moldova. His personal grip on power was first tested during the presidential elections in October 2016.

Fearing the victory of pro-European anti-corruption crusader and leader of the Action and Solidarity Party Maia Sandu, Plahotniuc colluded with then leader of the Party of Socialists Igor Dodon. Despite Plahotniuc’s brandishing pro-European credentials, many believe he helped the pro-Russian Dodon to become president. The parliamentary elections of 2018 will determine the country’s future — and Plahotniuc’s fortunes.

Digging in for the long haul

Whatever their views on foreign policy, Plahotniuc and Dodon coordinate their domestic actions rather well. After having initially proposed a mixed electoral system back in 2012, Plahotniuc reintroduced the idea in March 2017, but this time in the form of a purely majoritarian (first past the post) system. Faced with massive opposition from all major political forces, Plahotniuc had to call in a favour. An indebted Dodon surprised many of his supporters by suddenly proposing a compromise in the form of a mixed electoral system on 18 April. Without further ado, on 5 May, in violation of legislative procedure, Moldova’s parliament rushed the bill onto the agenda, making the first step towards changing the country’s electoral system.

The compromise bill, which combined Plahotniuc and Dodon’s proposals, taking the latter as a starting point, envisages a mixed electoral system under which 51 MPs will be elected under the current closed list proportional system, while the other 50 will be elected if they get a plurality of votes in single member districts. Candidates will require 600 signatures to register.

The compromise bill envisages a mixed electoral system. Importantly, the highly contentious issue of drawing electoral districts is left for after the bill is enacted

Igor Dodon proposed that 25 MPs represent Moldova’s diaspora (as many as 700,000 Moldovan citizens live and work abroad; their remittances are immensely important to the country’s struggling economy) and Transnistria (a breakaway state on Moldovan territory which receives Russian economic and military support). Transnistrian leader Krasnoselskii earlier rejected Dodon’s proposal (link in Romanian), saying that five or six MPs would not suffice, and that residents of Transnistria would not participate in thes election anyway. Clearly, Dodon seeks to increase his potential electoral pool, but this will not go well with Plahotniuc, whose party’s base is primarily in Moldova proper. Needless to say, things are still in flux and the second reading will bring major amendments. Even more importantly, the highly contentious issue of drawing the electoral districts by the Central Electoral Commission is left for after the bill is enacted.

As expected by most analysts, Plahotniuc dropped his own bill and backed Dodon’s compromise solution, formally ensuring a “consensus” as was suggested by the Venice Commission, which advises on constitutional law for the Council of Europe. At the end of the day, the mixed electoral system compromise was approved on the first reading with 74 votes out of 101 (link in Romanian). But there’s more to this decision than meets the eye.

Of the 74 lawmakers who voted for the controversial legislation, 31 are defectors from the Liberal Democratic and Communist parties. The two factions fell victim to a hostile takeover at the hands of the Democratic Party, whose faction grew to 42 legislators from the initial 19 seats won in the 2014 election (link in Romanian). Plahotniuc had previously relied on 13 seats belonging to his junior coalition partner, the Liberal Party.

When the Liberals refused to support the change of the electoral system, Plahotniuc skillfully replaced them with a group of Liberal Democrat defectors headed by former Prime Minister Iurie Leancă. It was Leancă who led the cabinet during Moldova’s infamous “billion dollar scandal”, and his controversial decisions back then leave him open to blackmail and pressure from Plahotniuc, who enjoys control over the country’s judiciary and law enforcement.

It’s clear that Plahotniuc’s majority in parliament is illegitimate — it does not reflect the will of the people expressed in the 2014 election. No surprises, therefore, that Plahotniuc had to go to great lengths to create the image of mass public support for his proposal. He has waged a large-scale media campaign, as well as a petition — and claims to have collected some 850,000 signatures. Yet after all this effort, the oligarch finally had to relent, and bring the Socialist opposition on board in order to give a modicum of legitimacy to his undertaking.

Keeping up appearances, for Brussels and Moscow

Together, the Democratic Party and the Party of Socialists are only backed by about half of Moldova’s electorate. Recent polls indicate that the other half of the voters support opposition parties. On 12 April, five major opposition parties (Party of Communists, Liberal Democratic Party, Action and Solidarity Party, Dignity and Truth Party, Our Party) signed a declaration against the bill proposed by Plahotniuc. A no less strong response came from leading figures in Moldovan civil society, who addressed an open letter to the European Commission. In Brussels, the European People’s Party (EPP) and Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) have already voiced opposition to the proposed changes. This show of unity among fierce political rivals may have indeed forced Plahotniuc to “activate” Dodon, who provided the necessary reinforcements in the form of his mixed electoral system compromise proposal.

Without the Socialist Party deputies, Plahotniuc cannot attain the pretence of consensus demanded by Moldova’s western partners

In my view, one would have to be blind not to see the hand-in-hand cooperation between Plahotniuc and Dodon. The absurdity of the situation is that Dodon continues to claim that he only proposed the compromise in order to put pressure on Plahotniuc and prevent him from enacting a fully majoritarian system.

Dodon is being disingenuous, to say the least. Without the Socialist Party deputies, Plahotniuc cannot attain the pretence of consensus demanded by Moldova’s western partners. Even more importantly, any change of Moldova’s electoral system could require amendments to the constitution, which Plahotniuc can only achieve with Dodon’s help.

So what’s in it for Dodon? The current proportional system benefits the Party of Socialists the most, as it enjoys the highest popular support of any single party. With Plahotniuc in control of administrative resources, mass media and the gerrymandering process, a mixed electoral system reduces the chances of a Socialist Party majority in the next parliament. If Dodon is vulnerable to blackmail by Plahotniuc of any kind, this should make his backers in Moscow worried about the return on their investment.

As of yet, there’s little to suggest that the Kremlin is unhappy with Igor Dodon, who was widely derided in European media as “Russia’s man”. After all, during the recent Victory Day parade, Putin welcomed Dodon to Moscow for the third time in less than six months (the Moldovan president had the dubious honour of being the only foreign leader in attendance.) Yet if we assume that, for the time being, Russia is encouraging Dodon in his flirtation with Plahotniuc, this should in turn, make the oligarch reconsider his choice of friends.

For ordinary people, it’s the usual story

As always, it is the Moldovan people who ought to be worried the most, since they are ultimately affected by the lack of transparency in domestic politics and the lack of stability in foreign relations. Plahotniuc’s western partners are well aware of their friend’s shortcomings. Both the United States and the European Union condone Plahotniuc as long as he can ensure a steady pro-European course; provided that the democratic values trade off does not become too egregious. Knowing that his grip on power is contingent on external support, the oligarch spares no expense in lobbying Washington and Brussels.

Ideally, parliamentary elections in 2018 would give Moldovans cause to hope for change. After these electoral reforms, the odds will be stacked against them

After making a failed strategic bid by employing the Podesta Group last year to whitewash his image in the United States, an increasingly determined Plahotniuc is doubling down by employing Burson-Marsteller to carry his water in Brussels. The famous public relations firm also counted Nicolae Ceaușescu and Viktor Yanukovych among its clients.

With this change of the electoral rules, Moldova is moving to a bipolar political system in which Plahotniuc and Dodon will try to balance each other at the expense of all other political forces. The pretence of democracy will be maintained, but the political landscape will remain extremely unstable, and will be fiercely contested by Moldova’s remaining opposition parties. Ideally, parliamentary elections would offer Moldovans a way out, a cause for hope and, just possibly, for change. But unfortunately for those Moldovans who continue to demand real democracy, a new electoral system can only but stack the odds against them.

Moldova protests

Note: This op-ed was written for Opendemocracy.net and can be accessed here: